Whaddya Know? Eleventh Circuit Affirms One and Reverses Other Gun Conviction Based on Different Amounts of "Knowledge" Required
Federal criminal trials almost always involve the question of "knowledge", meaning that the prosecution is obligated to prove beyond a reasonable doubt that the Defendant "knew" about some fact. In US v. Vana Haile, the Eleventh Circuit here in Atlanta showed how the issue of "knowledge" can change, depending on the facts and the specific crime involved.
Mr. Vana Haile and another man named Beckford were charged with and convicted of conspiracy and attempt to possess with intent to distribute marijuana and cocaine and knowing possession of several firearms in conjunction with their drug trafficking offenses. One of the firearms crimes alleged that the Defendants possessed a machine gun. The government also alleged that a different crime was violated because one of the weapons had an obliterated serial number.